It is common knowledge that water makes up most of human body and this is why excessive loss of fluids in heat cause many problems. Dehydration refers to the situation when human body loses fluids faster than it gains them. Human body contains a complex structure in which water management is done throughout the day to make sure that fluid levels inside our body do not drop below the required level. Unfortunately, dehydration can result in adversely affecting many key body functions such as provision of oxygen and nutrients to body cells, toxin elimination, joint lubrication and production of enough energy.
Despite the fact that water forms major part of human body, still the possibility of more water escaping your system is not remote at all. In fact, we lose water from our bodies inadvertently almost every second as we breathe air out of our lungs into the atmosphere.
This particular effect of water evaporating out of our bodies becomes more apparent on cold days. Similarly, the process of sweating is designed to control our body temperatures and this also causes loss of fluids.
Finally, urinating and bowel movement also cause outflow of body fluids from our bodies. All of these activities result in decrease in fluids in our bodies but their effects can be devastating with regarding to causing dehydration on a warm day. Nevertheless, there are other more complex causes of dehydration that need to be addressed to curb this problem.
Causes of Dehydration
There are various causes of dehydration but primarily dehydration is caused either when not enough fluids enter our body or due to excessive excretion of fluids from our body. The most common cause of dehydration is not drinking enough water in summer season when our body is liable to sweat more. Personal habits and environmental factors play a huge role in determining whether a specific person can avoid dehydration or not. For instance, people living in extremely hot climates with low humidity and hot elevations are more likely to get dehydrated if they do not maintain their body fluid levels.
On the other hand, people who regularly consume alcohol or undertake tough sports and exercises also need to consume more water than a regular person. Failing to recognize the need consume water on a regular basis throughout the day can cause dehydration which can in turn lead to catastrophic consequences.
In addition, there are certain medical conditions that can cause your body to lose fluids excessively. Such diseases include diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, eating disorders, bacterial infection in gastrointestinal tract and Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome. Diarrhea, vomiting and excessive urination can also significantly increase the volume of fluids escaping your body as compared to their intake. Burns victims and people infected by different skin diseases also get exposed to the danger of getting dehydrated because of excessive loss of bodily fluids.
Symptoms of Dehydration
Symptoms of dehydration are mostly commonly felt by people living in regions where temperatures can jump up significantly during summer. Dryness of mouth, physical weakness, lethargy, dizziness, lack of sweating, dryness of skin and low blood pressure are some of the common symptoms of dehydration. In extreme cases, subjects also show sunken eyes, increased heart beat, delirium and unconsciousness.
Treatment of Dehydration
Apart from observing common symptoms of dehydration in a patient, a doctor may undertake blood tests and test sodium and potassium levels in the body to diagnose this problem. After diagnosing dehydration, doctors recommend several treatments especially replenishing lost body fluids.
Patients are given water, frozen water and energy drinks to rehydrate and fulfill their body’s need for water. In case a certain disease or infection is the root cause behind dehydration such as diarrhea or diabetes, then dehydration treatment may also include anti-diarrhea pills and so on.
It goes without saying that prevention is better than cure. In case of dehydration, there are dozens of helpful and easy preventive measures that can help you keep a check on the fluid levels on your body. Regular use of water in warm weather, use of sunscreen, avoiding intake of caffeine and alcohol and consuming natural ingredients that contain sufficient water supply are some of the common preventive measures that can help you avoid getting dehydrated.
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